A Visit to the Monkey 47 Distillery in Germany's Black Forest
February 21, 2019
About a year and a half ago I visited the Monkey 47 gin distillery in Germany's Black Forest area. Today I'm finally writing about it.
The distillery is located in southwest Germany, with the closest city being Stuttgart. I pictured a distillery in the Black Forest to be a dark, densely forested area opening up to a house in the woods like Hansel and Gretel, but the distillery is really more of a farmhouse amongst fields. (It's a former dairy farm.) There is a bee house on the property and a small garden. It's very peaceful there.
According to our hosts, there are about 28,000 microdistilleries in the region.
Monkey 47 has 47 botanicals distilled into it. That's a lot. The base is a molasses-based alcohol from France.
- They use fresh peeled grapefruits and lemons- no pith. They eat the grapefruits and some of the lemons are used to make biogas.
- The juniper comes from Croatia or Tuscany. It is ground up before macerating.
- Angelica seed is also ground up.
- A 'pepper mix' of cardamom, cubeb, and grains of paradise are mixed and grinded in a secret ratio.
- Ground botanicals are stored in plastic boxes until use.
- Other botanicals include lemongrass, corriander, angelica, orris root, spruce tips, raspberry leaves, acacia, and lots of lavender, which should be clear if you've tasted it.
For maceration, the neutral 96.4% ABV spirit is diluted down to 70%.
Lingonberries go into the maceration barrel first, as they can stay a long time in the spirit without over-extracting. The rest of the botanicals macerate for 36 hours before being distilled.
Each of the blue barrels makes 120, 500ml bottles of gin. Each barrel has about 25 liters of alcohol in the 60L bucket- they're not filled all the way.
After maceration, one bucket is dumped into a still and then water is added to fill it to 100 liters. The system is pretty efficient: one bucket to one still to one batch.
Additional botanicals are put in a botanical basket in the steam section of the still - fresh lavender and lemon peels, not sure if anything else.
You may have seen a picture of the stills before - it's a gorgeous custom-made set-up with four stills.
They can make 6 distillation runs per day per still, or 24 total distillation runs per day. It takes a little over an hour to distil. Each distillation run produces 25-30 liters of 88% ABV spirit. After distillation, only water is added, no additional neutral alcohol (making this a "single-shot" gin).
After distillation, they flush out the solids from the still. These solids are also used to produce biogas.
After being distilled, the spirit at full proof is rested for 90 days in these large urns before being diluted and bottled. The dilution process, which takes place at the bottling plant, is slow and takes place over 10 days. The product is bottled at 47% ABV, which is above the level that it would louche, so the gin is not chill-filtered.
In addition to the flagship gin, they produce annual Distiller's Cut bottlings with different botanicals added to the mix.
All told, I had this strange vision in my head that Monkey 47 was going to be this blend of Black Forest eau de vies made in wooden shack by a wizard, and that turns out not to be the case at all. The overall procedure is pretty standard for gin with some tweaks such as the fresh-peeled citrus and long maceration time before distillation. So what makes this gin unique is not so much its rustic location, but the recipe.
After the distillery visit, we spent the night in an amazing big Bavarian-style lodge nearby. Here are just a couple pics of that. I love this part of the world, but then again I haven't seen it in the winter.
Thanks for your article - great input and photos!
What time was your distillery tour?
On the website it lists tours at 04:00, 06:00, and 08:00 (CET) - was your tour really at 8:00 in the morning?
Posted by: Katherine Carr | January 18, 2022 at 12:31 PM
@Katherine - It was a bartender/media visit, so a private tour.
Posted by: Camper English | January 18, 2022 at 12:33 PM
Posted by: Katherine Carr | January 18, 2022 at 12:38 PM
Thanks for your share such a useful article with photos. Before asking my question, I should mention that I am nearly ignor for this but I am try to develop myself. I wonder why the length of each pair of stills' pipes are different from each other? Sincerely..
Posted by: Hakan Muğlalı | April 10, 2023 at 12:34 PM