EU Regulations for Vermouth, Americanos, and Quinquinas
November 30, 2020
I've had to look up this information a few times so this blog post will make it easier for me to find this information in the future.
In the EU
Vermouth = fortified aromatized wine with artemisia (wormwood) species.
Americano = fortified aromatized wine with artemisia (wormwood) and gentian species.
Quinquina = fortified aromatized wine with quinine flavoring.
Bitter Vino = fortified aromatized wine with gentian species.
The Regulations are found here. The text of this section of aromatized wines is below.
SALES DENOMINATIONS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF AROMATISED WINE PRODUCTS
A. SALES DENOMINATIONS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF AROMATISED WINES
(1) Aromatised wine
Products complying with the definition set out in Article 3(2).
(2) Wine-based aperitif
Aromatised wine to which alcohol may have been added.
The use of the term ‘aperitif’ in this connection is without prejudice to its use to define products which do not fall
within the scope of this Regulation.
— to which alcohol has been added, and
— whose characteristic taste has been obtained by the use of appropriate substances of Artemisia species.
(4) Bitter aromatised wine
Aromatised wine with a characteristic bitter flavour to which alcohol has been added.
The sales denomination ‘bitter aromatised wine’ is followed by the name of the main bitter-flavouring substance.
The sales denomination ‘bitter aromatised wine’ may be supplemented or replaced by the following terms:
— ‘Quinquina wine’, whose main flavouring is natural quinine flavouring,
— ‘Bitter vino’, whose main flavouring is natural gentian flavouring and which has been coloured with authorised
yellow and/or red colour; the use of the word ‘bitter’ in this connection is without prejudice to its use to define
products which do not fall within the scope of this Regulation,
— ‘Americano’, where the flavouring is due to the presence of natural flavouring substances derived from wormwood
and gentian and which has been coloured with authorised yellow and/or red colours.
That's not all the regs. There are a few more technical facts about vermouth, such as 75% min wine, ABV between 14 and 22% etc. I've summarised them at the bottom of Martini Club's guide section on vermouth: https://www.martiniclubuk.com/how-to-find-and-make-your-perfect-martini/vermouth/
Posted by: Julian Vallis | November 30, 2020 at 09:26 AM
Posted by: Camper English | November 30, 2020 at 09:33 AM